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взаимодействие ... с
• The interaction of graphite with concentrated nitric acid appears variable.
взаимодействовать
• The particles interact (with each other). • In this reaction the potassium chloride and the sulphate of potash-magnesia will react to yield potassium sulphate and magnesium ...
взаимодействовать с
• The U-centres interact with other defects.
взаимозависимость
см. взаимосвязь
взаимозависимы
• The two types of equipment are interdependent.
взаимозаменяемые
• Interchangeable parts ...
взаимозаменяемый с
• The tooling on the A-9 machine is interchangeable with that of the A-10 machine.
взаимосвязь
. соотношение; устанавливать взаимосвязь между • The interplay of physical processes in atmospheric clouds is very complicated. • ...
взаимосвязь между ... и
• There is a striking correlation between the major oil and gas regions and the principal zones of seismic activity.
взаимосвязь между объёмом и температурой
• The volume-temperature behaviour of ideal gases ...
взамен
см. вместо
взвешенное состояние
см. во взвешенном состоянии
взвешенный
• A filter is a device for separating liquids from suspended solids.
взвешенный в воздухе
• airborne pollutants ...
взвешенный по скорости
• He obtained velocity-weighted average stream potentials.
взвешивание на весах
• Five weighings on an analytical balance showed ...
взгляд
см. на первый взгляд; с первого взгляда
взгляды
• According to the new mode of thought (or views, or concepts), knowledge of the electron is best expressed in terms of ...
взорвать
см. взрывать
взрыв
см. заглушать взрыв
взрыв звезды
• A stellar explosion.
взрывать
• Explosive charges of 30 lb will be fired (or set off, or exploded).
взрываться
• The mine ( мина ) is set off by the noise emitted by its intended target.
взят из
• The terms are borrowed (or taken) from the theory of groups.
взят у
• These data are borrowed from D. • The diffusion data for the system nickel-gold were taken from Reynolds et al.
взятое вместе
см. всё это, вместе взятое, является
взятые вместе
. вместе взятые • All these satellites, lumped (or put) together, have one-sixth the volume of the Moon. • (Taken) together, these results suggest that ... • ...
взятые по два и т.п.
• There are only four possible sums of digits taken two at a time: 0 plus 0, 1 plus 0, 0 plus 1, and 1 + 1.
взять на себя
• Microcomputers have taken up many new functions.
взять на себя задачу
• A second network would take over the task of distributing information in bulk from central facilities to offices and homes.
взять предел
см. в пределе, взятом по
взять среднее по
• An average of the results must be taken over a long enough interval.
взяться за
• To check for taper, grasp the handle and traverse the gauge from one end of the cylinder to the other.
вибрация
см. вызывать вибрацию; для устранения вибрации; под действием вибрации
вид
см. внешний вид; внутренний вид; общий вид II . в виде; в существующем виде; в том виде, в каком ...
вид крупным планом
• The figure gives a close-up view of the working area.
вид с воздуха
• An aerial view of the factory is given in the heading illustration.
вид сбоку
• Side view.
вид сбоку и сверху
• The silicon-oxygen tetrahedron viewed from the side and from above (or from the top) ...
вид сверху
• Top view.
вид сзади
• Back view (or Rear view).
вид снизу
• Figure 2 is an underside (or bottom) view of the track.
вид спереди
• Front (or Head-on) view.
вида
. типа • It is advisable to use an equation of the form (or type): ...
виден
. на ... виден • These lines do not show on the diagram. • Several of these features are visible (or seen) in Fig. 18.3. • Another smoke ring is evident near the ...
виден в микроскоп
• Only the larger colloidal particles can be seen through an ordinary microscope.
виден из
• This effect is seen from [or by considering (or referring to)] the diagram of Fig. 7-2.
видеть
. легко видеть, что • From (A2) we observe (or see) that ...
видеть ... под углом
• The solar observer would find himself viewing the planet different angle.
видимость
см. в пределах видимости; при хорошей видимости
видимый
. без видимой причины • Such tubes must withstand five quenches without visible damage.
видимый глазом
• The neodymium glass used in high-power lasers is not directly visible to the human eye.
видимый невооружённым глазом
• One very large cell visible to the unaided (or naked) eye could always be found on the surface of the right pleural ganglion. • Naked-eye stars ...
видимый спектр
• The visual (or visible) spectrum of the Sun ...
видно
. из ... видно, что; как видно из; явствовать из • From this figure we notice that ...
видный
см. выдающийся
видоизменён
• The chamber cover was modified by the addition of ...
видоизменение
• Depending on the accuracy desired, various modifications of the simple calorimeter may be required. • This was an adaptation of the iodometric method. • This is slight ...
видоизменённый
• By the use of modified pilot tubes ...
видоизменять
. изменять; менять • This expression (or design, etc.) must be modified. • The instrument can be modified according to the experimenter's needs.
видоизменять ... так, чтобы он
• A drainage system gradually evolves its configuration in such a way as to carry out its work most efficiently.
видоизменять ... так, чтобы он включал
• We modify Eq. (.34) to incorporate (or include) this function.
визуальный осмотр
• A visual inspection of the engine should be made.
виновен в этом
• One must try to elucidate the cause of hypocalcaemia; among those most likely to be at fault are anticonvulsants and car-benoxolone.
виновником этого является
• There are several drugs which will lead to potassium loss, diuretics being the chief offender (мед.).
винт
см. вывинчивать; завинчивать; освобождать винт; поджимать винт; туго поджимать винт
висеть в воздухе
• The Rotodyne airplane has a rotor for taking off, landing and hovering; propellers for faster cruising.
висеть на ... с
• Fuel tubes are suspended by rods a top tube sheet.
вклад
. большой вклад в; вносить вклад в • The contributions of (or from) the higher terms are small. • Higher coefficients show the contribution of ...
вклад в
• The contribution of (or from) each component to some property of the mixture ...
вкладываемый
• The thermal energy contributed by a vibrationalmode ...
включать
. запускать • This switch brings into operation (or actuates) the printing mechanism. • To open or close the switch the spring is charged by means of ... • To ...
включать двигатель
• Before switching on (or turning on, or cutting in, or energizing, or putting power into) the motor for the first time it is advisable to ...
включать и выключать
• The alteration in shape under the influence of metabolites and hormones provides a mechanism for turning these enzymes on and off under different external conditions. • ...
включать параллельно
• Each of the bobbins is put (or placed) in parallel with a neon tube.
включать ток
• Power is turned on, and the shaft starts spinning.
включать тормоз
• This permits a flow of air to set (or apply) the brake.
включаться
• After that the lever is engaged. • The stand-by transmitter is quickly switched on (or turned on, or brought into use) should a failure occur in the unit. • The gas and ...
включающий
• Equipment incorporating (or which includes) wetted-wall tubes is particularly advantageous for this purpose. • Consider a system of equations involving independent ...
включая
• Whatever the agents of biological stress were, disturbances of food chains included, the ability of ... • Various catalysts have been tried, among them (or including) tin ...
включён
• When the controller was energized ... • The alarm is set off. • The light was switched on. • After this, power can be switched (or turned) on. • The two knife ...
включение
. введение • Such switches are used for turning (or putting) on lights and the heating system. II • The incorporation of carbon dioxide in(to) organic compounds ... ...
включённый
• Control of the welding current is by a trip-switch connected in the primary circuit of ... • The capacitor connected into the second stage of the amplifier ... • A ...
включённый параллельно
• The coils placed in parallel ... • The rectified outputs from each half of the paralleled secondaries are filtered.
включённый последовательно
• This arrangement uses a thermostat connected (or placed) in series with the solar cells. • A constant current is passed through the specimen by means of a battery and series ...
включительно
. вплоть до ... , включительно; до ... , включительно • All the integers from ... to 535 inclusive ...
включиться в работу
• During this phase all manufacturing personnel got into the act, helping to devise less costly ways of producing the mill.
вкраплён между
• Accessory substances containing ... are interspersed between the respiratory enzymes.
вкраплённый в
• When the geologist finds oolites embedded in rock, ...
вкратце рассматривать
• In this section, we briefly review multilevel optical computing.
влагонепроницаемый
• The housing is moisture proof (or moisture tight, or moisture resistant, or damp proof).
влажный
см. поддерживать во влажном состоянии путём смачивания водой
влажный воздух
• Moist (or Humid) air.
влажный климат
• A moist climate.
влево
см. вправо или влево; направленный влево
влечь за собой
. связан с • A decrease in Eg implies an increase in ... • This operation entails (or involves, or results in, or leads to) a waste of current.
влияние
. благоприятное влияние на; большое влияние; влиять на; вредное влияние; действие; находиться ...
влияние ... на
• Oxygen had a dramatic impact on the traffic of carbon in the chloroplast.
влияние внешней среды на
• The enzyme is highly sensitive to environmental influences on the ATP molecule.
влияние на состояние здоровья
• The health consequences of a reactor accident were studied.
влиять на
. отрицательно влиять на; отрицательное влияние на • The particle size of the oxidizer affects (or influences) the burning rate of ...
вмерзать в
• In that case the magnetic lines of force would be frozen into the highly conducting stellar material.
вместе
. а вместе с ним и; в сумме; взятые вместе; отдельно или вместе • Epinephrine and norepinephrine are referred to collectively ...
вместе взятое
см. всё это, вместе взятое, является
вместе взятые
• The two volume elements (taken) together contain ...
вместе с
. а также; в сочетании с; заодно с корпусом; совместно с • Many ions act in concert with enzyme systems necessary to the complex ...
вместе с ним
• We saw no way of removing ash from the bed without removing a large amount of carbon along with it.
вместо
. а не; подстановка N вместо M • Mount a piece of translucent paper in place of the film. • It is customary to use molality rather than mole fraction of ...
вместо него
• This variety, while lacking the a subunit, had a much heavier one named in its stead. • Table salt is the most common source, but other compounds may serve instead.
вместо того, чтобы
• Rather than wait for years for an appropriate earthquake, the petroleum prospectors generate their own sound waves.
вместо этого
. или же • A given boundary segment need not consist of only one boundary type; instead, the segment may be made up of ...
вмещать
• This length accommodates ten nucleotide pairs. • The cavity will house a large detector. • The car holds 20 tons of material. • This automobile accommodates five ...
вмещать неограниченное количество
• There is no limit to the volume of new plutonic rock that can be accommodated in the crust.
вмещающий их
• Concretions are distinguished from the sedimentary matrix enclosing them by ... • A container holding the equivalent amount of gasoline ...
вмонтированный
• The amplifier has built-in power supplies. • The motor built into the driving drum ... • Special devices built into the tank ... • Figure 2 shows the instrument ...
вначале
. первоначально; сначала • On the far side of the Moon a similar powder will remain fixed at the place where it originally (or initially) fell upon the ...
вне
. за пределами • These points lie exterior to the curve. • Outside (of) the sheath, the electron and ion densities are unperturbed. • Beyond the Earth's ...
вне власти
• These errors are beyond the control of the analyst. • This is beyond the power of scientists.
вне всякого сомнения
• Those meteorites that were actually seen to fall established beyond question (or doubt) that extraterrestrial rocks were arriving from space. • The tests confirm beyond any ...
вне клетки
• The resulting compounds may accumulate extracellularly.
вне помещения
см. внутри и вне помещения; на открытом воздухе
вне пределов
• Activation energy and the paths of chemical reactions are outside the province (or domain, or realm) of thermodynamics.
вне пределов досягаемости
• This would require a tower with a thermal efficiency of 10 percent, which in practice is beyond reach.
вне страны
см. внутри страны и вне её
внедрять
• Our interest in promoting (or introducing) efficient methods of roadway maintenance ...
внеземного происхождения
• It is certain that much of the organic material in carbonaceous chondrites is of extraterrestrial origin.
внесение поправки
• After applying the corrections for self-induction of instruments ...
внести поправку на
• It is important to correct (or introduce a correction) for the deceleration of the wave. • This result has to be corrected for the factor ... in Eq. (.86), which has been ...
внешне
• The organometallic process is at least superficially similar to biological fixation.
внешне напоминать
• Fired enamels resemble organic coating in appearance (or outwardly resemble ... ). • Sorocarps superficially (or outwardly) resemble simple plants. • The spectra of the ...
внешне напоминать друг друга
• These animals are similar in appearance.
внешнее оформление
см. красивое внешнее оформление
внешнее покрытие
• A new outer coating for ships ...
внешнее поле
• Any magnetic system with an appreciable external field ...
внешнее проявление
• External manifestations are the emission of light and a hissing sound.
внешние стенки
• Exterior (or Outer) walls.
внешний
. наружный • The laser is the external light source whose radiation ...
внешний вид
. для красоты; по внешнему виду • Igneous rocks were named for their visual appearance. • Etching changes the appearance of the finish. • Drawing ...
внешний мир
• To transfer heat from the reactor core to the outside world, ...
внешний слой
. внутренние и наружные слои • The weave consists of an inner layer of ... and an outer layer of ...
внешняя граница
• The outer boundary of the region surrounding the collector contact ...
внешняя коррозия
• External corrosion.
внешняя поверхность
. наружная поверхность • This colloid was adsorbed on the outer surfaces of the pellets.
внешняя сила
• Xi is the outside force per unit mass at cell .
внешняя среда
см. влияние внешней среды на
внешняя сторона
см. с внешней стороны
вниз
. направленный влево • The molecules move down from the upper layer. • The arc is deflected downwards magnetically. • As the car rolls downhill its ...
вниз и вверх по течению от
• Temporary cofferdams are built both downstream and upstream of (or from) the site.
вниз по склону
• The geologists moved downhill.
вниз фланцем
• Place the mercury level gauge, flange downwards, in the upstream chamber.
внизу
• The colder, denser air lies at the bottom.
внизу и наверху
• The layers change in texture from coarse at the bottom to fine at the top.
внизу посредине
• See Fig. 2, bottom centre.
внизу слева
• The crater on the lower left has ...
внизу страницы
• The lamp is illustrated at the bottom of the page.
внизу таблицы
• The electrodes low down in (or at the bottom of) the table have a tendency to ...
вникать глубже в
• To obtain further insight into the problem, ...
внимание
см. большое внимание уделено; в центре внимания; занимать чьё-л. внимание; заслуживать внимания; ...
внимание концентрируется на
• Attention now focusses on the possible pathways for ...
внимательное рассмотрение
. из внимательного рассмотрения ... видно, что • Close inspection of these data shows that ... • A close look at the map will show that ...
внимательный
см. более внимательное рассмотрение
внимательный наблюдатель
• To the careful observer, the evidence of this slow movement of the soil may be seen in ...
вновь
• A newly (or freshly) plastered house ... • A newly synthesized material ...
вновь введённый
USAGE: вновь введённый (в строй) • The newly commissioned wind tunnel ...
вновь введённый в строй
USAGE: вновь введённый (в строй) • The newly commissioned wind tunnel ...
вновь загруженный
• The arm can be swung down to form a stop for locating a freshly-loaded blank.
вновь обнаруженный
• A newly discovered deposit ...
вновь образовавшийся
• Lavas were erupted along the newly formed continental margins. • A newborn star ...
вновь открытый
• A newly discovered deposit ...
вновь приобретать
. возвращаться к • The water returns to (or regains, or again takes on) its normal colour. Then the gel resumes its original form.
вновь пробуждать интерес к
• The introduction of the laser to spectroscopy is causing a rebirth of interest in the spectroscopic study of atoms and molecules. • Recent investigations of ... have ...
вновь разработанный
• Newly developed techniques ...
вносимая ошибка
• The error incurred in (or introduced by) assuming that ...
вносимый
• The free energy contributed by the components of ...
вносить
см. вводить вносить в • This kind of proof injects (or introduces) an empirical element into mathematics.
вносить в гранки
• Corrections and changes by the author are entered on the galley proofs.
вносить в список
• To enter in the list. • I put his address on my list for a visit tomorrow.
вносить вклад в
• Once trapped, the carrier will be unable to contribute (or make a contribution) to (or increase) the conductivity of the material. • Thus the width of the region ...
вносить вклад в ... размере
• Each methylene group contributes 156.5 cal/mol to the heat of combustion.
вносить значительный вклад в
• These rays contribute significantly to the total ray power.
вносить изменения
• Use of scraper units has brought about a change in the stripping procedures. • To make (or introduce) alterations (or changes) in ... • The firm can easily make (or ...
вносить ошибку в
• Neglect of this may introduce large errors into the measurements.
вносить погрешность в
• Neglect of this may introduce large errors into the measurements.
вносить поправку на
. внесение поправки • Barometer readings must be corrected for elevation of ... • To introduce a correction for the effect of pressure drop on gas velocity ...
вносить предложение
• To make (or put forward) a suggestion.
вносить удобрения
• To apply (or introduce) fertilizers.
вносить улучшение
• An improvement may be made (or introduced).
вносить усовершенствование
• An improvement may be made (or introduced).
вносить ясность в
• Further research will surely clarify the situation.
внутренние и наружные слои
• The bursting causes a strong interaction between the inner and outer layers.
внутренние ресурсы
• Internal resources.
внутренние частицы
• The ratio of surface particles to interior particles ...
внутренний
• At some interior point of the disturbed region ...
внутренний вид
• Inside (or Internal) view.
внутренний диаметр
• The bore [or The inner (or inside) diameter].
внутренний осмотр
• The inspector enters the boiler and inspects it internally.
внутренний слой
• The wave consists of an inner layer of ... and outer layer of ...
внутренняя обшивка
• Interior cladding (or lining) is of 5 mm plywood.
внутренняя поверхность
• The inner surface of the cup ... • A mandrel forms the inside of the tube, while a die forms the outside.
внутренняя сторона
см. на внутренней стороне; с внутренней стороны
внутренняя точка
• We consider an interior point of the disturbed region.
внутренняя часть
• Both the interior and exterior are coated with enamel. • The interiors of the cell are subject to visual inspection. • To continental interiors (or The interior of ...
внутри
. в пределах; в толще • Phenomena occurring in and outside the rocket ... • The core was placed inside (of) the tube. • The tubes will be insulated on the ...
внутри и вне помещения
• Indoor and outdoor dusts are almost invariably charged. • Unit substations are used indoors and outdoors.
внутри клетки
• The resulting compounds may accumulate intracellularly.
внутри плазмы
• The density of electrons and ions increases rapidly from zero at the outer surface to a maximum in the bulk of the plasma.
внутризаводской
• These bins are used for inplant storage of borax and soda ash.
внутрь
. в ... и из него; направленный внутрь • The reaction proceeds inward from the surface of the alloy. • The electron starts moving inward.
внутрь или наружу
• To move the airship in or out of its hangar, ...
внушать сомнение относительно
• This casts (some) doubt on the validity of ...
во взвешенном состоянии
. удерживать во взвешенном состоянии • A solid catalyst is provided in the form of fine particles maintained in suspension in the liquid. • ...
во внутренней части
• The troughs are similar to geosynclines but are located within, rather than at the margins of a plate.
во времени
. изменяться во времени; необратимый во времени • To understand how this reaction proceeds in time, ... • The decrease in oxygen with ...
во времени и пространстве
• The fair-weather field at the Earth's surface is observed to fluctuate with space and time.
во время
. в процессе; в течение; до или во время; при • Some die casting machines are here seen in the process (or course) of assembly.
во время вращения
• As the disk rotates, the blades block.
во время его образования
• In the atmosphere surrounding the earth at its formation ...
во время испытаний
• On (or During the) trials the tug achieved a speed of 12 knots.
во время наблюдений
• In the course of (or During) observations ...
во время опытов
• In the course of their experiments they worked out ...
во время перевозки
• Formaldehyde in water solutions should be kept warm in (or during) transit (or transportation).
во время работы
• In (the course of) operation there will be a constant expansion of gas into the vacuum chamber. • In operation one side of the junction is connected to ... • In the ...
во всей области
• The value of is constant everywhere over the region.
во всей шахте
• This may affect the ventilation throughout the mine.
во всём
• The flow is completely hyperbolic over all space. • The basic structure of legs is the same throughout the entire class of insects. • Throughout the visible spectrum ...
во всём мире
. в мире; известен во всём мире • It has been agreed internationally that the terms disability and handicap should be used to denote different ...
во всех направлениях
• The roads run every which way (разг.) like shatter lines in glass.
во всех остальных отношениях
• Other than that the models disagreed disturbingly.
во всех отношениях
• This machine gives you more for your money in every way (or respect). • Phenomena identical in every particular (or respect) to those mentioned above were observed.
во всех подробностях
см. напоминать во всех подробностях • In the design of a control system, the control engineer will have considered in depth the controlled system ...
во всех случаях
• In all instances (or cases) the halfwave potential of the anomalous wave was ...
во всех случаях, когда это возможно
• Wherever (or Whenever) possible, specify a chamfered undercut.
во всяком случае
см. в любом случае
во второй половине века
• In the latter half (or the second part) of the 19th century ...
во втором случае
USAGE: во втором случае (из двух) . в последнем случае • In the latter case, ...
во избежание
см. чтобы не
во избежание ошибок
• To ensure against error (or To avoid errors) there is a TV camera at ...
во избежание путаницы
• To avoid confusion, ...
во избежание чрезмерного усложнения
• Various simplifying assumptions will be made to keep the derivation from becoming too involved.
во многих отношениях
• Living organisms are dependent upon water in a multitude of ways (or in many respects). • Division is in many ways similar to multiplication.
во многих случаях
• Animals communicate without knowing how they communicate; by and large, so do we. • In many instances (or cases) ... • On numerous occasions ...
во много десятков раз меньше
• The smallest eddies are many factors of ten smaller than the large eddies.
во много раз
• This has increased many-fold (or many times over) the supply of ...
во много раз больше
• The width of the two-photon vibronic transition band was many times the dye laser linewidth. • The rate of dissolution of a solid sphere is many times (higher than) that ...
во много раз больше в длину, чем в ширину
• The trough was many times longer than it was wide.
во много раз лучше, чем
• Helium conducts heat many times better than ...

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